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C: Words and Terms beginning with C




Category: Botanical Glossary | Posted: Wed Nov 05, 2014 2:27 pm

C

Glossary Index: http://www.gardenstew.com/blog/e10953-58-glossary-index.html

Have a suggestion for a word or term? Please leave a comment below. Thank you,

Jerry

(30)

Cacti: A succulent plant usually indigenous to dry areas of the Americas having a large spine and needle like leaves.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Plant Type category.

Callus: When rooting a cutting, drying the cutting end allows a callus to form. Roots can now form in the callus.

Calcareous: A soil type that has an abundance of calcium carbonate.

Cambium: The area of active plant tissue between the Xylem and the Phylum that provides additional support for the plant.

Carotenoid: The pigmentation in some vegetables and fruit that gives them their color. Carrots, bananas, corn, sweet potatoes and tomatoes have amounts of carotenoids.

Cavitation: the interruption of the xylem water flow by vapor bubbles caused by rapid changes in pressure.

Centre Piece: A floral arrangement are used to focus attention. often in the center of a table.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Suitable For category.

Chill Hours: Total numbers of hours required by a dormant plant with temperatures between 32Degrees F and 45 Degrees F. Winter hours above 45 Degrees F are subtracted.

Chlorophyll: Is a critical component in the process of photosynthesis. It is the pigment that gives plants their green color.

Clay / Heavy: Clay is defined more by the soil particulate size than by its chemical content. Clay is made up of particles less than 5 microns in size. A typical human hair by contrast is 100 microns
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Soil Types category.

Climber: A plant that wraps itself around structures to achieve hight and thus access to more sunlight.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Plant Type category.

Circadian Rhythm: The daily cyclical activity of life forms that is influenced by the 24 hour day.

Circumnutation: The periodic movement of a plant tip in response to light, temperature, chemicals and time of day. Patterns of circular, elliptical, helical and other movements are a response to stimuli that allow the plant to seek additional growing space or a new area to thrive. Example Morning Glory.

Clone: A group of plants reproduced vegetatively from a single plant.

Coastal Garden: Plants that will tolerate wind and salt spray.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Suitable For category.

Compost: Decayed organic material used to augment soil. Example: dead leaves, garden refuse and manure

Conifer:An evergreen with needle leaves and that bares cones.

Container/Patio: A garden wherein the plants are grown in pots, often made of clay or grown in window boxes.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Suitable For category.

Cordate: A heart shaped leaf with the stem attached to the indentation of the leaf.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Leaf Shape category.

Corm: An underground root that is swollen to store nutrients during winter and during periods of dryness.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Plant Type category.

Cortex: The outer layer of a plant stem or root.

Cottage Garden: Informal in design a cottage garden features a mixture of ornamental and edible plants. Plantings are often compact with little regard to spacing.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Suitable For category.

Cotyledon: The embryonic porton of a seed appearing as the first leaves of the plant after germination.

Cultivar: A plant that has been produced by selective breeding. Seeds of the plant are often not like the parent plant.

Cuneate: Refers typically to the triangular base of a leaf where the stem attaches.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Leaf Shape category

Cuticle: The protective wax coating produced by the plant epidermis to prevent moisture loss. Example: Hosta

Cutting: a portion of a plant used for vegetative propagation.

Crypsis: Describes a method of camouflage. Example: an insect that blends in with a tree trunk or leaf.

Cytokinins: Are substances used in the process of cell growth called cytokinesis and have to do with plant cell division and differentiation.
Reference: http://www.gardenstew.com/about31374.html

Cytoskeleton: Plants have an internal structure called a cytoskeleton which supports the various parts of the plant. When you rotate a plant a process called phototropism swings into action. Parts of the plant supported by the cytoskeleton called microtubules are severed at various junction points and new microtubules are joined to aid the plant in re-orienting itself toward the strongest light.
Reference: http://www.gardenstew.com/about31198.html


Last edited: Sun Nov 13, 2016 7:03 pm

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