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Category: Botanical Glossary | Posted: Tue Nov 04, 2014 4:53 am

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Glossary Index: http://www.gardenstew.com/blog/e10953-58-glossary-index.html

Have a suggestion for a word or term? Please leave a comment below. Thank you,

Jerry

(29))

Backcross: A hybrid using a hybrid and one of the parents.

Bark: A tough outer coating of tall woody plants covering the cambium.

Basal: The bottom or base. Example: The basal plate of a bulb is the bottom portion from which the roots grow.

Bedding: Plants that add color in spring and summer to a garden bed. Commonly colorful annuals or biennials. Examples: marigolds, impatiens alyssum and Shasta daisies.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Plant Type category.

Bees: A social or solitary insect noted for pollinating flowers and crops.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Wildlife Value category.

Beginner: A person who has yet to acquire skills necessary to overcome the many problems associated with gardening.daisies
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Skill Level category.

Berry: A fleshy fruit, one flower and containing one ovary with multiple seeds, examples: avocados, grapes, tomatoes, etc.

Biennial: A plant whose life cycle takes two growing seasons to go from seed to plant to flower to seed.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Plant Type category.

Biomass: Total of living material, living or recently dead in a given area. Biomass can be animal, vegetable or both. Biomass can also be expressed as energy.

Bioturbation: The shifting of soil or sediment by the activities animals and plants.

Bipinnate: Having the leaflets that themselves have been divided into smaller leaflets. An example would be a cut twice fern like Athyrium asplenioides(Southern Lady Fern)
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Leaf Shape category.

Bird - food (fruit/berries/insects/seeds): A plant, bush or tree that provides sustenance to birds.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Wildlife Value category.

Bird - shelter (nesting/thorns): A bush or tree with sufficient density or deterrence necessary to keep nests from harm or that provides birds a suitable shelter from inclement weather.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Wildlife Value category.

Bog: A area saturated with water whose plant life is acclimated to a constant wet existence.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Plant Type category.

Bog Garden/Waterside An area with an abundance of saturated soil to sustain plants or trees that require roots to be in a very moist media.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Suitable For category.

Boggy Saturated soil usually found near a source of water or low lying topography.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Soil Types category.

Bole: The portion of a tree trunk below the lowest branches.

Border/Bed The area of a garden defined as the margin next to a lawn or other clearly discernible entity e.g. water.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Suitable For category.

Bract: A leaf like structure, usually small, just below a flower or inflorescence. A larger example : Poinsettia

Bryology: The study of mosses.

Bryophyte: Non-vascular plants. Examples: Mosses, liverworts and hornworts.

Bulb: An underground plant structure, a true bulb has 5 parts: a basal plate(the bottom of the bulb), fleshy scales(where the food is stored), a tunic (which protects the scales), a shoot(which has a premature flower), and lateral buds or bulblets.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Plant Type category.

Bulb - Chipping: The process of dividing a bulb by cutting into 8 to 16 vertical sections(tip to basal plate) and isolating them in a bag of growing medium.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Propagation Techniques category.

Bulb - Scaling: Propagation of a bulb by removing and planting individual scales. Example: Lilies
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Propagation Techniques category.

Bulb - Twin Scaling: Propagation of a suitable bulb by dividing a chip with part of the basal intact. Sections are then planted in a bag of medium in darkness until bulblets form.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Propagation Techniques category.

Bulbils: Small bulbs that develop on the plant scape. Example: Garlic or Tiger Lily.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Propagation Techniques category.

Butterflies (nectar source): A flower frequented by butterflies because of the abundance of nectar. Flowers that attract feeding butterflies. Examples: lupine, lavender and Phlox to name a few.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Wildlife Value category.

Butterflies (larvae/caterpillar food): Plants that the larvae find tasty. Adult butterflies lay eggs nearby to repeat the propagation cycle.
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Wildlife Value category.


Butterfly Garden A garden designed with plants frequented by butterflies.
Examples: Purple Cone flower(Echinacea purpurea), Phlox paniculata and joe Pye Weed(Eutrochium)
You will find this word in the Plants edit section under the Suitable For category.


Last edited: Thu Mar 10, 2016 2:58 am

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