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S: Words and Terms beginning with S




Category: Botanical Glossary | Posted: Mon Nov 17, 2014 5:15 am

S

Glossary Index: http://www.gardenstew.com/blog/e10953-58-glossary-index.html

Have a suggestion for a word or term? Please leave a comment below. Thank you,

Jerry


(31)

Samara: Is a winged achene or fruit. The fibrous wing allows the fruit to travel on the wind further from the parent plant. An example would be the seeds of maple trees(Acer) and Elm trees(Ulmus)

Sandy / Light: Lacking organic matter, the soil is low in nutrients and will not retain water. Composed of more sand than clay sandy soil is easily cultivated and warms up more quickly than clay soil.
You will find this term in the plants edit section under
the Soli Types category.

Scale A sap feeding insect often recognised by the sticky residue left as a result of feeding. Mature insects are light brown to brown hard shelled and attached to a stem or underside of a leaf.

Scape: The flower stalk of a plant without leaves. Example Daylily scape.

Seed: Covered by a protective coat seeds contain all the embryonic information to produce another plant.
You will find this word in the plants edit section under
the Propagation Techniques category.

Seed Pod: A container that contains seeds of a flower

Senescence The process wherein a plant ages. Cell division and growth capacity ceases or is severely deminished.

Sepal: Part of the protective covering of a flower bud, collectively called the calyx.
Reference: http://www.gardenstew.com/about32159.html

Shade Garden: An area of land that receives dapple shade/sun or less than 2-3 hours direct sun, Morning is better than mid or afternoon sun. Deep shade receives little or no direct sunlight. Like the color gray there is a also a wide latitude for shade.
You will find this term in the plants edit section under
the suitable for category.

Shrub: A woody plant with multiple stems growing less than 12-14 feet. Stems are less tham 3 inches in diameter.
You will find this word in the plants edit section under
the Plant Type category.

Side Shoots: a shoot that grows laterally away from the plant stem.
You will find this term in the plants edit section under
the Propagation Techniques category.

Silty: Waterborn sand, soil or mud deposited as a sediment.
You will find this word in the plants edit section under
the Soli Types category.

Slug / Snail Resistant: A plant that is inherently unappetizing to a gastropod or mollusk.
You will find this term in the plants edit section under
the wildlife Value category.

Soil pH: A measure of soil acidity or alkalinity. While the scale allows for a range of 0 to 14 plants usually live on soil with a ph range of 5.0 to 9.0 pH effects the ability pf a plant to use nutrients hence the need to monitor soil ph to accommodate the needs of plants.

Solanine: A poison found in members of the nightshade family. Noted members whose leaves and flowers are toxic are tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant and peppers.

Spatulate:A leaf that like a spatula is narrow in the beginning and widens to a larger spoon shape
You will find this word in the plants edit section under
the leaf shape category.

Spear-shaped: Or hastate shaped is pointed at the tip, widening to the base that forms pointed lobes resembling barbs.
You will find this term in the plants edit section under
the leaf shape category.

Speciation clock: Is a molecular evolution timing technique used to identify the separation of species over geologic time.

Spice: Parts of plants used in seasoning food. They can be seeds, leaves pods or other parts, fresh or dried.
You will find this word in the plants edit section under
the Plant Type category.

Spores: A single or multi-celled organism that is the reproduction mechanism for a plant or fungi either asexually or with another spore.
You will find this term in the plants edit section under
the Propagation Techniques category.

Stamen: The organ that produces pollen in a flower

Stem Cutting: A process wherein a plant is propagated using a portion of a stem planted in a new media and allowed to establish new roots.
You will find this term in the plants edit section under
the Propagation Techniques category.

Stolon / Runner: A surface root that traverses the ground establishing roots at nodes as well as new plants.
You will find this term in the plants edit section under
the Propagation Techniques category.

Stoma: an orifice or hole in a leaf that allows for the exchange of gases like oxygen and carbon-dioxide

Sublimation: The transition of a solid to a gas without going through an intermediary stage of a liquid. i.e. ice to water vapor

subnivean space: Refers to the low shallow space that forms between the snowpack and the ground. Here animals such as mice and voles are active during the winter seeking food and relative security from predators. As the snow melts the meandering tunnels of these creatures becomes more evident. Suggested by Cayuga Morming

Subtropical: Regions located between the tropic of cancer and the tropic of capricorn defined by areas of temperature and periods of rainfall and geographic elevation.
You will find this word in the plants edit section under
the Plant Type category.

Subulate: A long slender awl shaped leaf with a tapered point. Example:juniperus communis
You will find this word in the plants edit section under
the leaf shape category.

Succulent: A plant that stores water in thick leaves and or stems as a safeguard against dry periods. Examples: Medicine Plant(Aloe Vera), Pincushion Cactus (Mammillaria).
You will find this word in the plants edit section under
the Plant Type category.

Sucker: A new growing shoot. Underground plant roots produce suckers to form new stems and spread by means of these suckering roots to form large plantings, or colonies. Submitted by Kay

Symbiotic: A relationship wherein each organism contributes to the well being of the other. Example: Lichen


Last edited: Tue Mar 01, 2016 3:27 pm

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Comments

 

Kay wrote on Tue Nov 18, 2014 3:21 pm:


Sucker- A new growing shoot. Underground plant roots produce suckers to form new stems and spread by means of these suckering roots to form large plantings, or colonies.




Cayuga Morning wrote on Sun Jan 04, 2015 11:20 pm:


How about symbiotic? Is there a place to put the folk saying 'Freddie Fungi and (Al-Guy) Algae took a Lichen to each other'? Quoting NatureBridge Blog:
'lichen are composite organisms consisting of a symbiotic association of a fungus (the mycobiont) with a photosynthetic partner (the photobiont or phycobiont), usually a green algae.' Is there a place to put this?




 

Jerry Sullivan wrote on Mon Jan 05, 2015 4:12 am:


Symbiotic yes, as for the lichen, I have left plants out of the glossary as they are or should be covered in the plants database





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